#40: 中国的环境问题

今天我和大家说一说中国的环境问题。很明显,这不是一个快乐的话题,因为我要说的不是中国的环境,而是中国的环境问题。

要说中国的环境问题真的很难,因为中国很大,不同的地方有不同的环境问题。有些地方环境不错,有些地方环境糟透了。不过总的来说,中国的环境是不令人满意的。无论在电视上还是在网络上,你们看到的中国是灰蒙蒙的,几乎没有绿色,特别是在城市里面,空气污染特别严重,好像镜头前面有一块纱布。在农村,人们也不够重视环境,对自然资源的利用不加以控制。虽然很多中国人不愿意承认,但这的确是真的。

中国的很多城市有严重的环境问题。城市越大,污染越严重。我生活在北京,这里有两千万人口,几百万辆汽车,而且人口越来越多,汽车也越来越多,每天都会发生堵车。这么多汽车不仅带来了空气污染,同时也带来了噪音污染。中国的每个城市都想变成纽约曼哈顿,所以整个中国是一个巨大的建筑工地和工厂车间:每天有很多旧的楼房被夷为平地,同时又有无数新的高楼拔地而起;工厂每天都产生大量工业垃圾,其中有一部分被不负责地排放到大自然中。据说,中国一年用掉的钢铁和水泥是全世界的一半,但是建造出来的楼房只有三四十年的寿命。说到这里,我想起了2008年的四川地震,好多无辜的孩子死了,不是因为地震很强,而是因为建造学校的人很不负责。在北京,每年有很多沙尘暴,沙尘暴来的时候,一切都是土黄色的。人们不但不能出门,而且必须把门窗关好,因为空气里都是恶心的沙子。

今年,中国西南部发生了严重的干旱。很多地方半年多没有下雨。人们无法正常生活,土地干裂了,庄稼也死了。人们只能到很远的地方去买水。有人说这是天灾,也就是大自然造成的灾难,无法避免;也有人说这是人祸,也就是人造成的灾难。我宁愿相信这是人祸,因为如果是人祸,我们可以知道灾难的原因,也就可以避免它再次发生。

中国人很乐观,很多人总是说:“都已经很好了,一切都已经很好了。”有很多人不知道别的国家环境怎么样,大家对自己的生活环境不是很重视。我去过别的国家,看到他们的生活环境那么美丽而且充满绿色,我惊讶的同时也很难过:中国有这样那样的问题,而大部分人还无动于衷。我父母年轻的时候,人们喜欢到城市里看高楼;现在,年轻的我们只想逃到大自然呼吸新鲜的空气。我的朋友文凯劝我不要难过,他说,大的国家就很难管理,小的国家才容易管理,美国是一个例外。我不太同意,我认为,很难管理并不是说无法管理,成功的可能性还是有的。但首先,我们需要改变,很多很多的改变!

最后,送大家一首反光镜乐队的《还我蔚蓝》。

《还我蔚蓝》歌词:

时间不会瞬间改变天空的颜色
别让我在黑夜看不清方向
记忆中的每幅画面不再是绿色
希望终会布满每一个角落

就在今天 抓紧时间
改变我们那片不太蓝的天
仰望星空你是否还能许下诺言
不要让它成为永恒的瞬间

空气中弥漫着黄沙尘烟
让每一个人能够睁开双眼

歌曲:《还我蔚蓝》
演唱:反光镜乐队

12 Comments

  • Florentino Gutierrez

    Hello, XinYu, I just found this page and I think it's wonderful. I've been studying Chinese for more than two years (on and off) now but I still have a hard time tingdong, fortunately I think this site will help me improve my studies. I wish there were an English translation of this podcast. Thanks a lot for your page!

  • This was quite an excellent audio presentation, including a lot of new characters I can practice. Your presentation was well thought through and had a good logical structure. Gradually, every politician is becoming aware of the ecological problem.

  • 新手

    非常感谢你对这些文章,真是巨大的帮助到学中文!

  • Excellent lesson and excellent website for learning. Thank you.

  • Rob

    I really enjoy the music from 反光镜乐队。I have been having some trouble finding bands like this in china. Are there any other bands you can suggest for me the are similar to 反光镜乐队?
    Thanks

  • Andrew

    Great article. The environment problems are a little depressing but this article was easy to understand and good for Chinese practice.

  • ciaocibai

    Hi Xinyu,

    I really enjoyed this podcast. You did a good job on addressing this topic, and it’s certainly interesting to hear your point of view.

    My favorite part though is the song at the end 《还我蔚蓝》I never heard this song before, but I really enjoyed it! It’s really neat how you put music in your podcasts, especially since you have different musical tastes than most of my Chinese friends. I get a bit sick of the really poppy music, so this helps a lot!

    Thanks for the great music and the great podcast, keep up the great work!

    Cheers!

    • Hi,
      It's so great we agree somehow on our musical tastes. That really makes me want to introduce more rock'n rolls. Haha.
      Anyway I should choose the stuff which most of my audience can accept. If not… I mean, I have actually much more mad songs.
      Have a good day,
      Xinyu

  • 老毕、Bill

    Dear昕煜:还有一个非常好的文章。谢谢你小伙子。。。
    It’s very a very important issue and good for you not being satisfied to the usual reply… 已经很好,中国人太多,地太少,国家没钱 — these are all excuses. China is a great country that could do it all right if it tried harder and had more people like you!
    The song at the end was great too!
    Cheers,
    老毕

    • Hi Bill,

      Thanks for encouraging me!
      This topic has bothered me a lot, some say it's ok, some say it's misleading and I should definitely delete it…
      Anyway I have the right to say what is in my mind, no matter it's right or wrong, let it be, it's true me, and I'm part of true China. I hate those who care too much about China's face in front of foreigners.
      Thanks really a lot !

      Xinyu
      April.30 2010

  • Thank you. Xinyu. It’s so much better with no background music.

    • Well, unfortunately I have to say there is background music, in some episodes the volume is so low that you must have not sensed it…
      But it's just right for you right?
      Good luck!