#6: 国庆节

国庆阅兵仪式

今年的10月1日是一个大日子,不仅是因为这天我过生日,更是因为这天我的祖国——中华人民共和国——过生日。

(背景声音)毛泽东:“中华人民共和国,中央人民政府,今天,成立了!”1949年10月1日,毛泽东主席在北京天安门宣布:中华人民共和国成立。在这之前的一百多年里,中国大地上发生了很多战争,人民遭受了很多苦难。19世纪中期,西方帝国用鸦片和大炮打开了中国封闭的大门。他们从中国夺走了土地和财富,同时,又让中国人意识到自己的落后。推翻了封建制度以后,中国人开始为“建立一个怎么样的国家”而发愁。革命还没有成功,日本又突然入侵中国,把中国变成了人间地狱。全中国奋起抵抗,终于赶跑了“日本鬼子”。然而苦难还没有结束,紧接着又开始了国共内战。毛泽东领导的共产党获得胜利,把蒋介石领导的国民党赶到台湾岛。和平终于来了,人民告别了苦难,一个新的中国成立了。

今年的国庆节是新中国成立60周年,所以,政府会在天安门广场举行盛大的阅兵仪式。阅兵仪式非常壮观,因为国庆节是整个国家的节日,而且政府要向全中国甚至全世界展示自己的军事力量。天安门广场上人山人海,来自各行各业的人穿着统一的服装、排成方队站在广场上。他们形成巨大的图案或者文字,迎接军队的到来。阅兵仪式开始,国家主席胡锦涛开始检阅军队。他站在一辆检阅车中央,检阅车从军队旁边开过,每经过一个队伍,他都会说:“同志们好”,然后士兵们回答:“首长好”,他说:“同志们辛苦了”,士兵们回答:“为人民服务!”接着,中国军队的士兵踏着整齐的步伐经过天安门。他们的风采一定让人赞叹不已。当然,中国军队的最先进的武器也被展示出来。

国庆节的阅兵仪式不是每年都有的。新中国刚成立的时候,国家经常举行阅兵仪式。但是这种仪式的成本很大,要花钱、时间还有精力。现在,政府为了提倡节约,决定每十年才举行一次阅兵仪式。国庆节是一个3天的法定假期,通常我们还加上前后两个周末,这样,国庆节假期至少长达7天。人们喜欢在这个时候出去旅游。国庆节就成了“黄金周”。

 

12 Comments

  • Bai Yaqi

    This isn't so great, but it's the translation that Google offers:

    October 1 this year is a big day, not only because this day is my birthday, but since that day is my motherland – People's Republic of China – birthday.

    (Background voice) Mao Zedong: "People's Republic of China, the Central People's Government is today set up!" October 1, 1949, Chairman Mao Zedong in Tiananmen Square in Beijing announced: the establishment of People's Republic of China. Previous hundred years, many wars took place on the land of China, people suffered a lot. Mid-19th century, the Western Empire opium and artillery opened up China's closed door. They took the land and wealth from China, at the same time, letting the Chinese people aware of their backwardness. After the overthrow of the feudal system, Chinese people began to "how to build a kind of state" to worry about. The revolution has not been successful, and suddenly the Japanese invasion of China, the Chinese turned into a living hell. The whole of China to resist, and finally sent packing "Japs." But suffering is not over, and immediately after the civil war began. Mao led the Communist victory, the KMT leader Chiang Kai-shek arrived on the island of Taiwan. Peace finally came, people bid farewell to the suffering, a new China was founded.

    This year's National Day is the 60th anniversary of the founding of New China, the government will hold a grand military parade in Tiananmen Square. Military parade very spectacular, because the whole country is the National Day holiday, and the government would like the whole of China and even the world to show their military strength. Tiananmen Square, packed, people from all walks of life wearing uniform clothing, arranged side team standing in the square. They form a huge pattern or text, to greet the arrival of the army. Parade started, Chinese President Hu Jintao began reviewing troops. He stood in the center of a car review, car review troops opened from the side, each through a team, he will say: "Comrades good", then the soldiers replied: "Good head", he said: "Comrades hard "the soldiers replied:" Serve the People "Subsequently, the Chinese army soldiers marching through the neat pace Tiananmen!. Their presence certainly amazed. Of course, the most advanced weapons Chinese army is also displayed.

    National Day military parade every year instead of. When the founding of New China, the state often parade past. But the cost of such great ceremony, to spend money, time as well as effort. Now, the government in order to promote conservation, decided to hold a military parade only every ten years. National Day is a statutory holiday three days, usually before and after we add two weekends, so the National Day holiday period of at least seven days. People like to travel at this time. National Day became the "Golden Week."

  • 阳志飞

    谢谢,很有趣

  • Tom

    Great site, many thanks.
    Any chance of the English trans for this lesson…?

  • Another fine lesson. This site is extremely useful. I hope you will also have lessons on such great writers as Lao She, Shen Congwen, etc.

    • Hi Dean, thanks for your support! As I have seen, more audience like expect podcast episodes on Chinese writers and literature. We'll start work on these topics soon! Thanks!

  • Roger de V.

    毛泽东领导的共产党获得胜利,把蒋介石领导的国民党赶到台湾岛。和平终于来了,人民告别了苦难,一个新的中国成立了。

    The suffering finished for the Chinese after the CCP was established as China’s ruling party? Uhm……, things didn’t get much better for the next few decades after that, and still haven’t gotten decent enough.
    Are you being serious here, or was it just a bad and insulting mistake to the Chinese people who have suffered tremendously from 1949 til now, and onwards?

    Anyways, great site overall;)

    • 等等

      If the author lives in China, I hope you keep in mind that espousing a non-pro-CCP viewpoint would probably get him thrown in jail.

      • Hi, it is partially true. But let's be optimistic and wish for the best! We all love China, don't we? 昕煜 Xinyu

  • pr0me

    Hi,

    I really love this site. Could you clarify the function of the words 为 and 而 in the sentence that khanh posted?

    Thanks

  • Khanh

    Hello. Thank you very much for your great work. Could you please help me to understand this sentence?

    中国人开始为“建立一个怎么样的国家”而发愁

    Thanks

    • Hi,
      this sentense means that Chinese people are confused with what kind of state to establish.
      Xinyu

  • Sean Padraig

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