#10: 中国人喝什么?

中国人喜欢喝啤酒、葡萄酒,但它们都是从外国引进的酒。中国人也有自己的酒,比如:黄酒、白酒等等。

黄酒的历史很长,是世界上最古老的酒之一,所以人们也叫它“老酒”。因为酿造黄酒的原料是米,所以它又有“米酒”的名字。黄酒有黄色、红色和黑色。它的酒精度比较低。黄酒很香,人们喜欢把它加热后再喝。黄酒特别有营养,被称为“液体蛋糕”。在中国的厨房里,黄酒是非常重要的调味料。各地都有自己的黄酒品牌。著名的黄酒品牌有:绍兴黄酒、即墨黄酒、古越龙山等等。

白酒,以前叫烧酒,它是在中国最受欢迎的酒。白酒是透明的,它有很高的酒精度,平均在50度左右。因此,喜欢喝白酒的主要是年龄较大的人。中国人在饭店吃饭的时候,白酒是饭桌上不可缺少的酒类饮料。白酒也是很好的礼品。中国著名的白酒品牌有:茅台酒、五粮液、古井贡酒、红星二锅头等等。

在中国,未成年人禁止喝酒。中国的女人不经常喝酒,特别是酒精度很高的白酒。现在城市里的酒吧越来越多,啤酒和葡萄酒也越来越受人们喜爱,但是相对传统的中国人还是喜欢喝自己的酒。

Slow Chinese 10
What do Chinese people drink?

Chinese people like drinking beer and wine, but they were introduced from abroad. The Chinese have their own alcoholic drinks. For example, hwangjiu (yellow wine) and baijiu (white spirits). Hwangjiu has a long history. It is one of the oldest alcohols in the world, so people also call it, “old alcohol”. It also has the name ‘rice wine’ because hwangjiu is brewed with the base ingredient of rice. Hwangjiu wine can be yellow, red, or black. Its alcohol content is relatively small and it is very fragrant. People enjoy drinking it after it has been heated up. Hwangjiu is particularly nutritious and has come to be known as “liquid cake”. In Chinese kitchens, hwangjiu is an absolutely central complement. Each region has its own brand. Famous yellow wine brands include: Shaoxing, Jimo, Guyue Longshan, etc. 

Baijiu, previously called Shaojiu (‘Tang Dynasty Wine’), is the most popular alcohol in China. Baijiu is a transparent drink and has the highest alcohol content, on average about 50%. As a result, baijiu is mainly drunk by older people. When Chinese people eat in restaurants, baijiu is the indispensable table alcohol drink. Baijiu is also a popular gift. China’s famous baiju brands are: Maotai, Wuliangye, Gujing Gong, Hongxing Erguotou, etc. 

In China, the young are prohibited from drinking alcohol. Chinese women don’t often drink, especially not high alcohol content baijiu. Today, there are more and more bars in the cities, and beer and wine is getting more and more popular with people. However, relatively traditional Chinese people still prefer to drink their own alcohol.

Neil Armstrong (nbarmstrong123@gmail.com)

4 Comments

  • Dean Barrett

    When Li Po and other poets wrote of drinking wine, which kind did they drink? And did they heat it first? Thanks.

    • Marny Tomas

      米酒.
      很有趣的文!

  • 很有意思!

  • shaimaa shawky

    good work,go on